Iwasawa theory began as the study of the rates of growth of classical invariants of number fields in towers, e.g. of the order of the p-parts of their ideal class groups. The classical invariants have now been vastly generalized by the theory of Selmer groups and Panchisckin conditions. The deepest conjectures in the subject link algebraically defined growth rates to analytic objects, e.g. to p-adic L-functions. These links have been established in two basic ways: via the theory of modular forms and Galois representations, and via the theory of Euler systems.
Higher codimension Iwasawa theory has been a new development in the subject over the last 5 years. The main
idea is that rather than studying the linear terms in the growth rates, as in classical
Main Conjectures, one should study the leading terms. I will eventually describe
was is now known and some natural ideas to pursue now.
Last updated: 8/21/18